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  1. Key Texts 4 items
    1. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Chris Frost 2016

      Book Essential reading You need to read this book in its entirety. Its key points reoccur throughout the lectures and some chapters focus on the subjects dealt with in specific lectures.

    2. Online journalism: the essential guide - Steve Hill, Paul Lashmar 2014

      Book Essential reading Please read Section Four: The Thinking Journalist, Chapter twelve: Ethics and good practice. This is the relevant chapter to the module. It looks at some of the basic ethical questions. There is a good deal about the ethical portrayal of people in various situations. It discusses whether you can for instance make up quotes (answer is no) (pg 231-). This book is co-written by the course leader as a introduction to modern journalism and features a chapter considering how a journalist should behave as a professional

    3. Journalism Studies - Martin Conboy, Ebook Central 2013 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential reading This is a good beginner's guide to how debate, concepts and theory on journalism has developed. Journalism Studies only really gets going from the late 1970s in the UK.

    4. The NUJ have a series of pamphlets on the resources part of their website that deal with ethical issues in detail. For intance - what should you report in the case of a suicide? There is material on how to report dementia victims, refuguees, race and much more.

  2. What is News? - Tony Harcup, Deirdre O’Neill 02/12/2017

    Article Essential reading This is one of the best efforts to analyse what makes news. Often journalists rely on instinct as to what is news and this tries to articulate the key features.

  3. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

    Book Essential reading Read Chapter Eight on news gathering

  4. Hack attack: how the truth caught up with Rupert Murdoch - Nick Davies 2015

    Book Recommended reading A book length description of the phone hacking scandal by the journalist who doggedly pursued the story. It is a demonstration of how the pursuit of profit can sideline journalism ethics in the workplace. There are many other examples across the world

  5. Flat earth news: an award-winning reporter exposes falsehood, distortion and propaganda in the global media - Nick Davies 2009

    Book Recommended reading A depressing analysis of the state of British journalism published in 2008

  6. The elements of journalism: what newspeople should know and the public should expect - Bill Kovach, Tom Rosenstiel 2014

    Book Recommended reading A key US text by two highly respected academics looking at the practice and theory of journalism.

  7. Ethics & journalism - Karen Sanders, SAGE Knowledge EBA. c2003 (electronic resource)

    Book Recommended reading Some useful examples

  8. Power without responsibility: press, broadcasting and the internet in Britain - James Curran, Jean Seaton, James Curran, MyiLibrary 2010 (electronic resource)

    Book Recommended reading This is a core text for journalism studies in the UK and looks at many aspects of the origins, history, practices and theory of journalism.

  9. Controversies in media ethics - David Gordon, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

    Book  As it says on the title page

  10. Spies and journalists: Towards an ethical framework? - Lashmar, P. 31/08/2015

    Article  An example of the course leader's academic work - trying to bring some agreement within one of the most highly charged areas of media ethics - where it abuts national security ethics.

  11. 7/7: A reflexive re-evaluation of journalistic practice - Paul Lashmar 03/09/2018

    Article  An example of the course leader's academic work where I reflect back on my work covering terrorism

  12. Week Two - Media Ownership 11 items
    1. Understanding media economics - Gillian Doyle 2013

      Book Essential reading Provides an entry level guide to media economics

    2. My trade: a short story of British journalism - Andrew Marr c2004

      Book Recommended reading An account of British Journalism by one of Britain's best know media figures

    3. Press gang: the true story of how papers make profits from propaganda - Roy Greenslade 2003

      Book Recommended reading Written by the previous course leader for the module it looks at the history and tensions within in the British print media. It is viewed as a class historical text.

    4. Comparing media systems: three models of media and politics - Daniel C. Hallin, Paolo Mancini 2004

      Book Recommended reading A US text that provides some international comparison to the way the media works in different countries

    5. Hallin and Mancini Revisited: Four Empirical Types of Western Media Systems - Michael Brüggemann, Sven Engesser, Florin Büchel, Edda Humprecht 12/2014

      Article 

    6. Ten Years After : What Have We Learned? - Daniel C. Hallin, Paolo Mancini 03/04/2017

      Article 

    7. The man who owns the news: inside the secret world of Rupert Murdoch - Michael Wolff c2008

      Book Recommended reading

    8. The media monopoly - Ben H. Bagdikian 2000

      Book 

  13. Week Three - Privacy 6 items
    1. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential reading Chapter six deals with privacy

    2. Privacy and media freedom - Raymond Wacks, Oxford Scholarship Online Law 2013 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended reading Privacy primarily from a US perspective. Includes a history and philosophical account of privacy

    3. Report of the Committee on Privacy and Related Matters - David Calcutt, Great Britain. Committee on Privacy and Related Matters, Great Britain. Home Office 1990

      Book 

  14. Week Four War Reporting 9 items
    1. Is war reporting losing the propaganda battle? | The Independent

      Webpage Recommended reading This is an excellent long read by one of the UK's finest frontline correspondents. It was published in late October after the lecture. You will have to sign up with the Independent but you can do it on Free Trial

    2. My War Gone By, I Miss It So - Anthony Loyd 3 Nov. 2015

      Book Recommended reading A particular account of reporting war and very elegantly written.

    3. In harm's way: Bosnia : a war reporter's story - Martin Bell 2012

      Book  Martin Bell has proposed that objectivity does not work and that it is impossible for reporters not to be detached. He proposed the concept of 'journalism of attachment'. This is his account of the war in Bosnia.

    4. In extremis : the life of war correspondent Marie Colvin - L Hilsum

      Book Recommended reading Published in November. See also the documentary on Marie Colvin

    5. Peace journalism - Jake Lynch, Annabel McGoldrick c2005

      Book Recommended reading It is important to know about Peace Journalism.

  15. Week Five - Sources 8 items
    1. No More Sources?: The impact of Snowden’s revelations on journalists and their confidential sources - Lashmar, P. 03/07/2017

      Article Recommended reading An example of the course leader's academic work on the problems of protecting sources post Snowden. Includes interviews with a dozen top investigative journalists from the Five Eyes countries. Published in 2017 Also listed is my follow up work in the Routledge Handbook.

    2. The Routledge handbook of developments in digital journalism studies 2019

      Book Essential reading See Chapter 27 by Lashmar A second example of the course leader's academic work on the problems of protecting sources post Snowden. Includes interviews with a dozen top investigative journalists from the Five Eyes countries. Published in 2018 It is a follow up to the 2017 paper

    3. News and news sources: a critical introduction - Paul Manning, Dawsonera 2001 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential reading Pretty well the only text to focus solely on source theory

    4. Off the Record: The Press, the Government, and the War over Anonymous Sources by Norman Pearlstine (2007-06-26) - Norman Pearlstine 1822

      Book Recommended reading The issues around sources written by a leading US Editor

    5. Policing the crisis: mugging, the state, and law and order - Stuart Hall 1978

      Book Recommended reading This was an early and seminal attempt to analyse how the British media create the news. It falls within the Cultural Studies canon.

    6. Deciding what's news: a study of CBS evening news, NBC nightly news, Newsweek and Time - Herbert J. Gans 2004

      Book Recommended reading

    7. Manufacturing consent: the political economy of the mass media - Edward S. Herman, Noam Chomsky c2002

      Book Recommended reading

  16. Week Six - Politics 11 items
    1. Manufacturing consent: the political economy of the mass media - Edward S. Herman, Noam Chomsky c2002

      Book Recommended reading Chomsky (and Hermann's) iconic book putting a theoretical framework on the US media. It started as a commentary on reporting the Vietnam but has been amended and widened since. The Propoganda model is still widely used to analyse media behaviour.

    2. Press gang: the true story of how papers make profits from propaganda - Roy Greenslade 2003

      Book Recommended reading Written by the previous course leader for the module it looks at the history and tensions within in the British print media. It is viewed as a class historical text.

    3. My trade: a short story of British journalism - Andrew Marr c2004

      Book Recommended reading An account of British Journalism by one of Britain's best know media figures There is great deal of discussion of political reporting here.

    4. Comparing media systems: three models of media and politics - Daniel C. Hallin, Paolo Mancini 2004

      Book 

    5. An introduction to political communication - Brian McNair 2018

      Book 

    6. The rise of political lying - Peter Oborne c2005

      Book 

    7. The argument culture - Deborah Tannen 1999

      Book 

  17. Week Seven - Investigative Journalism 10 items
    1. Part One Basic applied ethics 3 items
      1. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential reading Read Chapter 9 Reporting the vulnerable

      2. Moral panics and the media - C. Critcher 2003

        Book Recommended reading Best overview of the concept if somewhat out of date

      3. Moral panics in the contemporary world 2013

        Book Recommended reading See Chapter three: Journalist, Folk Devil? by Paul Lashmar

    2. Part Two Investigative Journalism 7 items
      1. Online journalism: the essential guide - Steve Hill, Paul Lashmar 2014

        Book Essential reading Read Chapter Seven - Doing Investigative Reporting

      2. The liar: the fall of Jonathan Aitken - Luke Harding, David Leigh, David Pallister 1997

        Book 

      3. WikiLeaks: inside Julian Assange's war on secrecy - David Leigh, Luke Harding, Ed Pilkington, Robert Booth 2013

        Book 

      4. From shadow boxing to Ghost Plane: English journalism and the War on Terror - Lashmar, P. 27/05/2008

        Article Recommended reading The book length account of a an exemplary piece of investigative journalism

      5. Investigative Journalism - Hugo de Burgh, Ebook Central 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended reading This is the core text for investigative journalism in the UK. The second edition was 2008 and it is now somewhat historical. I am currently working on the third edition co-editing with Prof Hugo de Burgh.

      6. Hack attack: how the truth caught up with Rupert Murdoch - Nick Davies 2015

        Book Recommended reading The book length account of a an exemplary piece of investigative journalism

      7. One woman dead every three days: domestic abuse in numbers 14/12/2017

        Article Recommended reading Excellent example of BureauLocal using data journalism and crowdsourcing techniques with good old fashioned interviews.

  18. Week Eight - Regulation the BBC view 3 items
    1. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential reading By the time of this lecture you should have read chapter 14 onwards on regulation in its various forms

  19. Week Nine - Regulation the IPSO view 4 items
    1. An inquiry into the culture, practices and ethics of the press: [report, Vol 1 -4] - Brian Henry Leveson, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons 2012

      Book 

  20. Week Nine Part two - Press Freedom 9 items
    1. Press freedom in Africa: comparative perspectives - Institute for Media Analysis in South Africa 2014

      Book 

    2. Privacy and media freedom - Raymond Wacks, Oxford Scholarship Online Law 2013 (electronic resource)

      Book 

    3. 21st century journalism in India 2007

      Book 

    4. Journalism, Democracy and Civil Society in India (Journalism Studies) - 978-1138240162,1138240168 29 Nov. 2016

      Book 

    5. Russia's liberal media: handcuffed but free - Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova 2018

      Book 

    6. Shooting the Messenger : Criminalising Journalism - Andrew Fowler 2018

      Book  Press Freedom from an Australian point of view

  21. Week Ten - Journalism ethics and Social media 2 items
    1. Journalism ethics and regulation - Chris Frost, Dawsonera 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential reading Make sure you have read Chapter three - the Morality of Reporting

    2. Anti-Social Media?: The Impact on Journalism and Society - J Mair

      Book Recommended reading Please read Chris Frost's chapter

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